Georgia – the state of Eurasia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea coast. It is bounded by Russia from the north, from the south to Turkey and Armenia, and from the south-east to Azerbaijan. The transcontinental country is located at the intersection of Southeast Europe and Western Asia, but is socio-politically and culturally part of Europe.
The name of the country comes from “Karti”, which is associated with the ancient name “Kartu, Kardu, Khandu”. In 1918-1921 it was called the “Georgian Democratic Republic”, in 1990-1995 – the “Republic of Georgia”. International Country Code – GE
Georgia is located at the intersection of Europe and Asia, in particular the Caucasus. From the west it borders with the Black Sea, from the north – with the Russian Federation, from the south-east from Azerbaijan, from the south – with Armenia and Turkey.
Georgia is located at the oldest junction connecting and connecting the north and south, west and east of the country. It was the path to Europe-Asia, connecting the highway – the old silk road.
Georgia is connected with the Black Sea countries by the Black Sea, and the Bosphorus and Dardanellis Straits by the countries of the Mediterranean Sea; With the Strait of Gibraltar you can connect with the whole world, across the Danube River, with the countries of Eastern and Central Europe.
Georgia NL 41 ° 07 ‘and 43 ° 35’ and A. 40 ° 04 ‘and 46 ° 44’.
From a geotechnical point of view, Georgia occupies a central place in the Alpine-Himalayan areas. It comes from the Atlantic Ocean and includes the mountainous regions of the Mediterranean and Black Seas, the previous Asia and the Himalayas.
It is known that the border between the subtropical and temperate climatic zones leads to the main watershed of the Caucasus, so Georgia is located in the extreme north of the subtropical climate zone.
In Georgia, almost every type of subtropical climate zone has formed – humid subtropical, moderately humid, moderately dry and dry continental. This is due to the location of its subtropical and temperate climatic zones, as well as with natural barriers – the presence of the Caucasus and South Mtiani and the influence of the Black Sea.
Area: The area of the country is 69,700 square meters. M. Km, border length – 1771 km, including land – 1461 km (Armenia 164, Azerbaijan 322, Russia 723, Turkey 252) and sea – 310 km.
Nature: The territory of the country consists mainly of mountains, the nature is diverse – from subtropics to the Caucasus glacier; The highest peak is Mount Shkhara 5068 m, the lowest point is the Black Sea (0 m); Arable land – 16%, pastures – 25%, forests – 34%. The main rivers are the Mtkvari and the Rioni.
Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese, iron ore, copper, coal and oil; Mountain and sea climatic resorts.
Georgia is a representative democracy, organized as a unitary, semi-presidential republic. Currently, the country is a member of several international organizations, including the UN, the Council of Europe, GUAM, the World Trade Organization and the Black Sea Economic Cooperation. Georgia also seeks to integrate into the European Union and join the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.